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2 edition of Evolution, ecology and epidemiology of antibiotic resistance found in the catalog.

Evolution, ecology and epidemiology of antibiotic resistance

Evolution, ecology and epidemiology of antibiotic resistance

proceedings of a joint meeting held in Bad Honnef (Bonn), 21-26 March 1986 organized by the Paul-Ehrlich-Gesellschaft für Chemotherapie and the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

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  • 16 Currently reading

Published by Academic Press in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Antibiotics.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesJournal of antimicrobial chemotherapy.
    Statementedited by Bernd Wiedemann... [et al.].
    ContributionsWiedemann, Bernd., British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy., Paul-Ehrlich-Gesellschaft für Chemotherapie.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRM267
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvi,264p.
    Number of Pages264
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL21123572M
    ISBN 100124511708

    Food-animal production and the spread of antibiotic resistance: the role of ecology Benjamin J Koch1,2*, Bruce A Hungate1,2, and Lance B Price3,4 Antibiotic-resistant pathogens increasingly threaten human health. Widespread application of antibiotics to. Book. Evolution in Health and Disease Edited by Stephen C. Stearns and Jacob C. Koella. Second edition.

    Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, Second Edition, discusses the constantly evolving field of infectious diseases and their continued impact on the health of populations, especially in resource-limited areas of the ts in public health, biomedical professionals, clinicians, public health practitioners, and decisions-makers will find valuable information in this book that. Drug resistance as a model system for the study of evolutionary biology and ecology. Most research on antimicrobial resistance in the 20th century occurred in clinical laboratories. However, research on antimicrobial resistance led to important advances in genetics, evolutionary biology, and by:

    Dr. Price works at the interface between science and policy to address the growing crisis of antibiotic resistance. His research, retracing the ecology, evolution and epidemiology of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, has been published in top peer-reviewed journals and covered in . Antibiotic Resistance: Origins, Evolution, Selection and Spread (Novartis Foundation Symposia): Medicine & Health Science Books @


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Evolution, ecology and epidemiology of antibiotic resistance Download PDF EPUB FB2

Novel approaches to antimicrobial therapy may provide alternatives to traditional broad-spectrum antibiotics for which resistance is less quick to evolve. To eradicate antibiotic resistance from a hospital setting, researchers need a thorough understanding of the underlying ecology.

The Ecology and Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance (EERA) Unit aims at characterizing factors contributing to the emergence and the dissemination of antibiotic resistance clones in the hospital and in the community. Our research projects focus on Enterobacteriaceae resistant to carbapenems and/or expressing extended spectrum b-lactamases.

These isolates represent today one of the most urgent. Evolution is the driving force of the epidemiology of these diseases. An obvious example is the evolution of resistance following the use of drugs against pathogens or resistance following the use of insecticides against disease vectors.

Every year antibiotic resistance costs the US health system more than 20 billion dollars. World-wide spread of bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents may limit the future progress of medicine.

A huge environmental antibiotic pressure, resulting from industrial production and marketing of these drugs, has simultaneously contributed to the increase in the diversity of resistant phenotypes, to the selection of the fittest among them, and to the dispersal of resistance genes Cited by: Evolution, ecology, and epidemiology of antibiotic resistance: proceedings of a joint meeting held in Bad Honnef (Bonn), March [B Wiedemann; Paul-Ehrlich-Gesellschaft.; British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.;].

Using this approach, we characterised mechanisms of resistance to latest-generation antibiotics and identified the target and the mechanisms of resistance to antibiotics still under development. Since evolution towards resistance presents some degree of predictability, it is important to address the elements shifting stochastic evolution.

title = "Evolution and ecology of antibiotic resistance genes", abstract = "A new perspective on the topic of antibiotic resistance is beginning to emerge based on a broader evolutionary and ecological understanding rather than from the traditional boundaries of clinical research of antibiotic-resistant bacterial by:   Probably the best-documented support of the view of the ancient evolution and diversification of antibiotic resistance genes comes from the phylogenetic analysis of β-lactamases.

β-lactams are the most widely used antibiotics and resistance to β-lactams is a severe threat because they have low toxicity and are used to treat a broad range of Cited by: (he development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is one of the best documented cases of contemporary bio- logical evolution.

The huge con- sumption (more than one ton per day in some European countries) of this type of compound, able to inhibit bacterial growth at very low concentrations (generally lower than 1 p.g m!-1), both in man and ani- mals, has resulted in the emergence and Cited by: Antibiotic Resistance PDF Author Kateryna Kon Isbn File size MB Year Pages Language English File format PDF Category Free Medical Books,Pharmacology Download the Book Download Book Description: Antibiotic Resistance: Mechanisms and New Antimicrobial Approaches discusses up-to-date knowledge in mechanisms of antibiotic resistance and all recent.

Multidrug resistance in clinical isolates has become a serious problem due to a progressive decline in the number of antibiotics that are effective for treatment of human infections (38, 66).It has been suggested that there is a connection between the antibiotic resistance of food animal origin, the antibiotic resistance of clinical isolates, and community health (19, 50, 58); however, this Cited by:   The indoor environment is an important source of microbial exposures for its human occupants.

While we naturally want to favor positive health Author: Sarah Ben Maamar, Jinglin Hu, Erica M. Hartmann. The evolution of antibiotic resistance is expected to incur a cost. Here, the lack of an apparent cost during doxycycline resistance evolution is reconciled with evolutionary trade-off by:   Concepts in ecology, which were developed to understand resource subsidies, metapopulations, and biological invasions, provide insight into the epidemiology of antibiotic resistance from genomic data.

By applying ecological principles to highly resolved phylogenetic data, researchers can improve strategies for controlling antibiotic by: The ecology and evolution of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

In book: Evolution in Health and Disease, pp Antibiotic resistance evolution in bacteria is an important example of such. Antibiotic resistance has reached crisis point in many hospitals around the world. The majority are swamped with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and many with multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negatives.

Whilst there are good treatment alternatives available for serious infections due to MRSA, mortality rates remain by: Epidemiology and Ecology of Antibiotic Resistance. / Singer, Randall S. Microbial Food Safety in Animal Agriculture: Current Topics.

Blackwell Publishing, p. Cited by: 1. It is a very interesting book, where Dr Blaser put his own research on bacteria in connection to the increasing incidence of modern diseases, such as obesity and asthma.

It is not yet another book on antibiotic resistance. No, it is a book on what the consequences of reduced microbiological diversity imposed by antibiotics may have for our health.

Author summary Antibiotic resistance is a serious public health concern, yet the ecology and evolution of drug resistance are not fully understood. This impacts our ability to design effective interventions to combat resistance.

From a public health point of view, multidrug resistance is particularly problematic because resistance to different antibiotics is often seen on the same Cited by: 2.

SUMMARY Antibiotics have always been considered one of the wonder discoveries of the 20th century. This is true, but the real wonder is the rise of antibiotic resistance in hospitals, communities, and the environment concomitant with their use.

The extraordinary genetic capacities of microbes have benefitted from man's overuse of antibiotics to exploit every source of resistance Cited by:.

Some transformable bacteria have acquired target-mediated antibiotic resistance by horizontal genetic exchange of fragments of chromosomal genes. The Horizontal Genetic Exchange, Evolution, and Spread of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria, Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol Issue Supplement_1, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF by: Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest public health challenges of our time.

Each year in the U.S., at least million people get an antibiotic-resistant infection, and more t people die. Fighting this threat is a public health priority that requires a collaborative global approach across sectors.

How Evolution Explains Antibiotic-Resistant Superbugs Misuse of antibiotics opens the door to mutant bacteria adapted to be resistant to the treatment, explains Barun Mathema in a new video. Over the next 12 months, an expected 2 million Americans will be infected with an antibiotic .